Indonesia tsunami kills scores, hundreds injured

Indonesia tsunami kills scores, hundreds injured

At least 168 people have been killed and over 700 injured after a volcano-triggered tsunami hit both sides of Indonesia’s Sunda Strait on Saturday, sending a wall of water crashing some 20 metres inland and sweeping away hundreds of homes and hotels, officials and witnesses have said.
At least 30 more are missing according to the the country’s disaster management agency.
Scientists from Indonesia’s Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysical Agency, also known as BMKG, said it could have been caused by undersea landslides from the eruption of Anak Krakatau, a volcanic island formed over years from the nearby Krakatau volcano. They also cited tidal waves caused by the full moon.
The worst affected area was the Pandeglang region of Banten province in Java, which encompasses the Ujung Kulon National Park and popular beaches, the disaster agency said. Of the deaths, 33 were in Pandeglang.
In the city of Bandar Lampung on southern Sumatra, hundreds of residents took refuge at the governor’s office.
Alif, a resident in Pandeglang district, said the tsunami reached about three metres high. He told MetroTV station that many people were still searching for missing relatives.
TV footage showed roads blocked by debris from damaged houses, overturned cars and fallen trees. The water washed away an outdoor stage where a local rock band was performing, killing at least one musician. Others were missing.
Authorities warned residents and tourists in coastal areas around the Sunda Strait to stay away from beaches and a high-tide warning remained in place through till December 25.
“Please do not be around the beaches around the Sunda Strait. Those who have evacuated, please do not return yet,” said Rahmat Triyono of BMKG.
Norwegian Oystein Lund Andersen was taking pictures of the volcano when he suddenly saw a big wave come crashing towards him, sending him running.
“Next wave entered the hotel area where I was staying and downed cars on the road behind it. Managed to evacuate with my family to higher ground through forest paths and villages, where we are taken care of (by) the locals. Were unharmed, thankfully,” he said.
Al Jazeera’s Paul Chaderjian reported that an Indonesia pop ban was performing in western Java when the waves from the tsunami suddenly swept away the stage, musicians and fans. The water flowed up to 20 metres inland, killing dozens, injuring hundreds and damaging buildings.

Volcanic activity
Robin George Andrews, science journalist and volcanologist said the tsunami was caused most likely by volcanic acitivty.

“There’s a suspicion that an underwater landslide triggered by a spike in volcanic activity pushed a significant amount of water around the strait which caused the tsunami,” Andrews said.
“Someone I spoke to was at one of the beaches at the time and they didn’t feel any shaking, so it’s quite clear that this wasn’t triggered by an earthquake like the one in Sulawesi in September.

“Indonesia does sit on the ring of fire. There’s always volcanic eruptions happening there… This is something that will naturally always happen there… it’s one of the most geologically active sites in the world.”
The disaster mitigation agency said it was still compiling information on the disaster and there was a “possibility that data on the victims and damage will increase”.
The Anak Krakatau volcano in the Sunda Strait that links the Indian Ocean and the Java Sea erupted about 24 minutes before the tsunami, the BMKG said.
The 305-metre-high volcano, about 200km southwest of capital Jakarta, has been erupting since June. In July, authorities widened its no-go areas to 2km from the crater.
In September, more than 2,500 people in Indonesia were killed by an earthquake and tsunami that hit the city of Palu on the island of Sulawesi, which is just east of Borneo.

No warning
Jan Gelfand of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies told Al Jazeera that the there was little warning of an upcoming tsunami.
“There was not a great deal of tectonic activity or earthquake actrivity… this would have happened very quickly with very little warning because there wasn’t anything to give them warning,” Gelfland said adding that support teams are helping people in affected areas.
“We have people that are trained in psycho-social support because this is a traumatic event especially given all the things that Indonesia suffered in the last four months,” Gelfland said.
The number of casualties is expected to inmcrease as rescue workers reach affected areas.
Physical losses included 430 heavily damaged homes, nine hotels and 10 heavily damaged vessels. Footage posted by the head of the disaster agency showed the aftermath of flooded streets and an overturned car.


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